Te Kete Ipurangi Navigation:

Te Kete Ipurangi
Communities
Schools

Te Kete Ipurangi user options:



English Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

What makes a shadow?

Teacher Anne Girven

 

 YEAR

 LEVEL

 DURATION

3 2 3 weeks

 

Achievement Objective Being Assessed

Learning Outcomes

Transactional Writing  Write explanations about shadows, state facts and opinions and recount events.
Science
Making Sense of the Physical World  Explore shadows at different times of the day.

Processes

 Processing Information  Identify, record and present information about shadows.
Explain how a shadow is made at different times of the day.

Supporting Achievement Objective

Learning Outcomes

 Close Reading  Respond to language, meanings and ideas in different explanatory texts relating them to personal experiences.
 Interpersonal Listening/Speaking  Listen to and interact with others. Ask questions and talk about personal experiences in a group.

 

Teacher background reading

Teaching and learning activities

Select and adapt these learning activities to best meet the needs of your students, and to fit the time available:

Set up a learning centre. Collect pictures of shadows, books from school library and National Library, photos and magazines of different types of shadows. Display a vocabulary chart and add to this throughout the unit eg shadow, shine, sun, cloud, sky, creating, behind, in front, positions.

Learning task 1

Learning task 2

Learning task 3

Assessment

Student Writing - Explanations

Students work in groups to show and explain the different shadows they have made. Encourage students to talk about what they have found out about shadows. Reread the modeled writing. Students brainstorm and draft their own explanation "How is a shadow made?" and illustrate with a sketch of someone/something and its shadow.

Conference with the teacher. Edit and proofread (RTF 4KB) .

Students complete the checklist (RTF 14KB) . Some students may need teacher assistance.

Self Assessment

Teacher models the self_assessment (RTF 230KB) . Each student completes the self assessment. Some students may need teacher assistance.

schedule (RTF 7KB)

Resources

Electronic

Print

  • School Journals - Explanations:
    • Ber - Bang! Bang! 1994 Part 1 No. 1
    • Fossils 1993 Part 2 No. 4
     
  • Derewianka, B. (1990). Exploring How Texts Work. Sydney: Primary Teaching Association
    • Explanations (p 57)
    • Summary of Text Features (p 60-62)
    • Use of Nouns - Explanations (p 64-65)
     
  • Wing Jan, L. (1991) Write Ways: Modelling Writing Forms. Melbourne: Oxford University Press
    • Explanations/Learning Experiences (p 50)
    • Activities Explanations (p 52-57)
     
  • Ministry of Education (1996). The Learner as a Reader. NZ: Learning Media.
    • Explanations - features (p 114)
    • Transactional Texts (p 112)
     
  • Knapp, P. & Watkins, W. (1994) Context - Text - Grammar. NSW: Text productions
    • Explanations (p 76-77)
    • Structure of Explanations (p 78-80)
    • Structure and Grammar (p 86-87)
    • Scaffolding (p 87)
    • Grammatical Features (p 81-83)
    • Tips for Teaching Explanations (p 85)

Follow up

Published on: 14 May 2009




Footer:

eZ debug

Clear cache:

Quick settings:

Timing: Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Module start 'content'
Error: eZTemplate @ extension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/table.tpl:10[394] Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Unknown template variable 'summary' in namespace 'xmltagns'
Warning: PHP: E_WARNING Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Invalid argument supplied for foreach() in /var/www/ezchannel-upgrade-4.4/extension/glossary/autoloads/sckglossarytemplateoperator.php on line 247
Timing: Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Module end 'content'
Warning: eZTemplate:ezdesign Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Design element stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css does not exist in any design
Warning: eZTemplate:ezdesign Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
Tried files: extension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/cwa-carousel/design/cwa-carousel/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezimagemap/design/ezimagemap/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/qctv/design/qctv/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/glossary/design/glossary/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki/design/tki/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki-hps/design/ezwebin/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezwebin/design/ezwebin/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezfind/design/ezwebin/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/mugo_varnish/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki-eesoll/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/leadspace/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki-nzsl/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/tki-art/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezoe/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezfind/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezjscore/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/bcwebsitestatistics/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/glossary/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/xmlwash/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/recaptcha/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/powercontent/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/enhancedselection2/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/ezsympaapi/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/qctv/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, extension/paradoxpdf/design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css, design/standard/stylesheets/websitetoolbar.css
Timing: Sep 26 2016 14:50:38
End

Timing points:

CheckpointElapsedRel. ElapsedMemoryRel. Memory
Module start 'content' 0.0000 sec0.6994 sec 9,751.8594 KB19,473.2813 KB
Module end 'content' 0.6994 sec2.7706 sec 29,225.1406 KB6,141.6172 KB
End 3.4700 sec  35,366.7578 KB 
Total runtime:3.5291 sec
Peak memory usage:36,854.8906 KB

Time accumulators:

 Accumulator Elapsed Percent Count Average
ini_load
Load cache0.0292 sec0.7942%230.0013 sec
Check MTime0.0042 sec0.1142%220.0002 sec
Find INI Files0.0001 sec0.0031%10.0001 sec
Mysql Total
Mysqli_queries0.2036 sec5.5445%2340.0009 sec
Looping result0.0130 sec0.3532%2220.0001 sec
MySQL Cluster
DB queries0.0123 sec0.3339%170.0007 sec
DFS operations0.0002 sec0.0057%10.0002 sec
Template Total3.4429 sec 93.7% 3 1.1476 sec
Template load0.1386 sec3.7731%30.0462 sec
String conversion in template resource0.0021 sec0.0575%420.0001 sec
Template parser: create text elements0.0475 sec1.2927%420.0011 sec
Template parser: remove whitespace0.0116 sec0.3155%420.0003 sec
Template parser: construct tree0.2059 sec5.6071%420.0049 sec
Template load and register function0.0146 sec0.3963%100.0015 sec
Template processing3.3041 sec89.9689%31.1014 sec
states
state_id_array0.0025 sec0.0694%50.0005 sec
state_identifier_array0.0030 sec0.0824%60.0005 sec
override
Cache load0.0812 sec2.2109%1670.0005 sec
Sytem overhead
Fetch class attribute can translate value0.0041 sec0.1129%10.0041 sec
Fetch class attribute name0.0103 sec0.2798%90.0011 sec
XML
Image XML parsing0.0003 sec0.0074%10.0003 sec
class_abstraction
Instantiating content class attribute0.0003 sec0.0070%130.0000 sec
Glossary Total0.0070 sec 0.2% 1 0.0070 sec
Glossary info0.0045 sec0.1238%10.0045 sec
Strip tags0.0008 sec0.0227%10.0008 sec
Build glossary arrays0.0000 sec0.0010%10.0000 sec
Reset tags0.0010 sec0.0284%10.0010 sec
General
String conversion0.0006 sec0.0169%450.0000 sec
Total script time:3.6725 sec

Templates used to render the page:

Usage countRequested templateTemplateTemplate loadedEditOverride
1node/view/full.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/override/templates/full/general_content.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/override/templates/full/general_content.tplEdit templateOverride template
3content/datatype/view/ezstring.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezstring.tplEdit templateOverride template
1content/datatype/view/ezxmltext.tpl<No override>extension/glossary/design/glossary/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltext.tplEdit templateOverride template
2content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/strong.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/strong.tplEdit templateOverride template
19content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/paragraph.tpl<No override>extension/ezwebin/design/ezwebin/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/paragraph.tplEdit templateOverride template
8content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/th.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/th.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/th.tplEdit templateOverride template
11content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/tr.tpl<No override>extension/ezwebin/design/ezwebin/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/tr.tplEdit templateOverride template
8content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/td.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/td.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/td.tplEdit templateOverride template
2content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/table.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/table.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/table.tplEdit templateOverride template
1content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/line.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/line.tplEdit templateOverride template
7content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/header.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/header.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/header.tplEdit templateOverride template
12content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/link.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/link.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/link.tplEdit templateOverride template
17content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/li.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/li.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/li.tplEdit templateOverride template
9content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/ul.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/ul.tplEdit templateOverride template
4content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/embed-inline.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/embed-inline.tplEdit templateOverride template
4content/view/embed-inline.tpl<No override>extension/tki/design/tki/templates/content/view/embed-inline.tplEdit templateOverride template
4content/view/embed-inline/file.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/view/embed-inline/file.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/view/embed-inline/file.tplEdit templateOverride template
4content/datatype/view/ezbinaryfile.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezbinaryfile.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/content/datatype/view/ezbinaryfile.tplEdit templateOverride template
4content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/emphasize.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/content/datatype/view/ezxmltags/emphasize.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/page_metadata.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/page_metadata.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/page_metadata.tplEdit templateOverride template
1pagelayout.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/pagelayout.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/pagelayout.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/title.tpl<No override>extension/tki/design/tki/templates/common/title.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/metadata.tpl<No override>extension/tki/design/tki/templates/common/metadata.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/stylesheets.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/common/stylesheets.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/common/stylesheets.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/links.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/links.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/links.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/banner.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/banner.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/banner.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/wrapper_three_column.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/wrapper_three_column.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/wrapper_three_column.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/menu_main.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/menu_main.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/menu_main.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/menu_levels.tpl<No override>extension/tki/design/tki/templates/common/menu_levels.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/before_menu.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/before_menu.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/before_menu.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/rss.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/rss.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/rss.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/after_menu.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/after_menu.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll-eng/templates/parts/after_menu.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/breadcrumbs.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/breadcrumbs.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/breadcrumbs.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/content.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/content.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/content.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/tools.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/tools.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/tools.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/widget/widget_list.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/widget/widget_list.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/widget/widget_list.tplEdit templateOverride template
1parts/widget/related_resources.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/widget/related_resources.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/parts/widget/related_resources.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/footer.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/footer.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/footer.tplEdit templateOverride template
1common/javascript.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/javascript.tplextension/tki-eesoll/design/tki-eesoll/templates/common/javascript.tplEdit templateOverride template
1setup/debug_toolbar.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/setup/debug_toolbar.tplEdit templateOverride template
1setup/clear_cache.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/setup/clear_cache.tplEdit templateOverride template
1setup/quick_settings.tpl<No override>design/standard/templates/setup/quick_settings.tplEdit templateOverride template
      
 Number of times templates used: 144
 Number of unique templates used: 42
 Time used to render template usage: 0.0017 secs