Te Kete Ipurangi Navigation:

Te Kete Ipurangi

Te Kete Ipurangi user options:

English Online. Every child literate - a shared responsibility.
Ministry of Education.

Learning task 3: The ANZAC ceremony

Explain to students that before Gallipoli New Zealanders saw themselves as part of Britain. They talked of Britain as being home. They went to war as separate units, eg. Auckland, Wellington, Canterbury or Otago Boys. British Officers were in charge of the New Zealanders. After Gallipoli the New Zealanders and Australians tended to see themselves as no longer British but New Zealanders and Australians. Then discuss with the students, why they think this happened? Why do some historians call this the birthplace of our nation?
Students could prepare and deliver an Anzac ceremony at school, inviting their parents and other classes to attend.

Read "Should we forget?" by Jim Rolfe to students [available from the National Library service].
Add information to a class ANZAC chart, such as:

  • The origin of the name ANZAC and how it began. (Sergeant K.M. Little made an ink stamp with the initials.)
  • Why we still have Anzac Day
  • Why New Zealanders went to war
  • What happens at an ANZAC Day service
  • What the R.S.A. is and why the poppy is important
  • What happened to the people who were at home during the war.

Play the bugle calls. Explain what each tune means and why they are played at Anzac Day ceremonies.
"The Last Post" was played at the end of the day and was for those who had fallen during the day, a departure for the fallen warrior. On ANZAC Day, Reveille or Rouse breaks the silence that follows the playing of "The Last Post", symbolising the awakening of the dead in the next and better world.
Ask who has been to an Anzac day dawn service. What were their feelings and experiences? Have them share their experiences with the class.

Discuss the importance of the poppy. Record ideas and information on the ANZAC chart.

Use "The Diary of the ANZAC's Campaign in Gallipoli" from the Kiwi and Digger's Unit produced by The Waiouri Army Museum (or use this diary (RTF 5MB) ). Read the book, recording new information on the class chart. Discuss what was happening back at home. Why do you think this book has included what was happening back in New Zealand?

Does this information help you understand what life was like in 1914? Why, why not? Look at what he wrote in his diary.

"... and the sights we saw, I will never forget. I couldn't describe them and again, if I could, I wouldn't dare..."

What do you think made him write this comment? How did it make him feel? Examine the stats (RTF 8KB) at the end of the book and record these on the class chart.

Published on: 21 May 2009